Tooth extraction is the removal of teeth and the surrounding patologic process from the alveolar bone. Indications for tooth extractions are individual.
Impacted tooth removal
An impacted tooth is a tooth that didn’t break through the dental arch, which causes the retention of the tooth in the alveolar bone. The impacted tooth damages other teeth and causes many dental problems.
Operculotomy is the removal of excess tissue around a wisdom unerupted tooth around which, due to the accumulation of food and bacteria, inflammation accompanied by unpleasant pain, swelling and smell is created.
The removal of dental cysts and granulomas
Cysts are pathological structures, which consist of a membrane lined with epithelium and filled with liquid contents. As they grow they cause the atrophy of a bone. Cysts treatment is surgical.
Apical granuloma is a bacterial infection localized in the upper or lower jaw. It is located on the top of the root, and it consists of granulation tissue surrounded by a fibrous capsule. Granulomas are removed by surgery.
Apicotomy is a surgical removal of the infected, the apical part of the root, with scaling and complete removing of the pathological process of the periapical area.